bother16C La in odio "in hatred", attack or annoy a town
surprise16C La extonare "to strike by thunder", a blow on the head astonished a man
at full tilt
as fast or as forcibly as possible14C sword or lance
at the ready
prepared for immediate use15C preparing to raise firearm to aim or fire
unorthodox, experimental approach15C Fr "front guard" or "advance guard"
unmarried man11C Fr bacheler or bas chevalier "below a knight", squire
bag and baggage
all of one's belongings15C army retreats with all of its property, surrendering nothing
barrier16C Fr barriques barrels to block army "la Journee des Barricades" 05/12/1588
water bowl 9C La bachinas "an eating bowl", Fr bacin "bowl on the head", En bassinet "little basin"
stonghold15C Fr 5-sided projection in fort wall
bear the brunt
take main impact15C army front ranks
beat a retreat
back down14C drums sound recall
bell tower12C Fr berfrei/berfrooi "place of safety" siege tower
wildly crazy6C Sc ber serkr, "bear shirt", no armor
crowd from all sides11C Fr siege "seat", sit & wait
harass12C Du leger "military camp"or "attack by surrounding"
outstanding14C King Edward III Knights of the Royal Garter
prize or gain16C Ge bute "share or distribution" of war plunder
major street ?? Fr boulevard, Du bul "trunk of a tree" vark "work", defending bulwark, fortification
strong verbal attack16C simultaneous discharge of all guns on one side of ship
strong defense of support15C strong defensive rampart made of earth or other materials
burn one's bridges/boats
commit oneself irrevocably10C vanquish or die (Roman "cross the Rubicon")
golfer's aide15C Fr cadet "younger son in army"
1C Fr campagne, La campus "field"
groups joined in common cause16C It cartello "written challenge to a duel", later "agreement" between opponents
container for liquid, powder, gas, film, tape15C La carta "paper" (cardboard) container for spices, drugs black powder
procession16C It cavalcata (fr. La caballus) "raid by men on horseback"
fellow member, colleague, friend, crony16C Sp camarada "place where soldiers sleep", soldiers who live & work together
annihilate1C La decimare "to kill every tenth man"
practice16C drill in a circle
gather support15C drum troops to rally
within hearing16C a distance like "bowshot" for a `gunshot
urge, encourage6C No eggja "to put an edge on"
feather in one's cap
special honor16C Hungarian (and other European) soldiers got one feather for each kill
flash in the pan
short-lived success16C Powder in matchlock pan does not exploded
little chance of success16C Du verloren hoop "lost troop", select soldiers to start battle
destruction or devastation11C ME havok "plunder" (became outlawed to say)
hoisted on one's own petard
caught in one's own trap15C ME hoist "to send sky high" petard "iron canister of explosive"
lock, stock and barrel
the whole thing16C three parts of a matchlock, black powder musket or arquebus
way out14C hold or opening in fortress walls (first for shooting from, later for exiting)
collection of articles16C Ar makhazin "store house", originally for storing black powder
set out in orderly way7C OHGe marahscah "mare servant", keeper of horses
friends engaged in a similar enterprise16C Fr mousequitaire "soldier with musket"
measure up13C La monstrare "to show up, assemble", muster militia to training camp
petard, hoisted on one's own
caught in one's own trap15C ME hoist "sky high", petard "shaped charged"
first settlers16C Fr peonier "foot soldiers", first to go ahead andmake camp, later engineers, sappers
pound16C Fr pomme "apple", La pomom "fruit", shape of sword pommel... used to strike blows
subdue, quiet16C OE cwellan, ME quellan "to kill with violence or slaughter"
rank and file
followers rather than leaders16C En rank "side by side", file "behind one another", information
pre-arranged meeting16C Fr "present yourselves", troops or warships to assemble
rumor or gossip?C En scuttle "hole in a vessel", hole in butt/cask where sailors drank water, talked
surprise14C ME "to make a 'din'"
financial support14C La subsidii "troops held in reserve" to provide assistance
swaggering doer of daring deeds16C OE swash "to dash against", buckle "raised boss on shield
to the hilt
to the utmost16C En "sword plunged in to its hilt"
brim of a cap10C Fr viser "to face", later moveable portion of a military helmet (also remove helm/hat & salute)
close or clothes cabinet15C Fr warde guard, robe "valuables"
principle, slogan, or motto14C En "word to pass the watch", later "to signal an attack"
plaintive or complaining noise15C A-S hwinan "whizzing sound of flying arrows", later bullets, children & animal sounds
En = English, ME = Middle English, OE = Old English, A-S = Anglo-Saxon, Fr = French, Sp = Spanish, It = Italian, La = Latin, Du = Dutch, (OH = Old High) Ge = German, No = Norse, Sc = Scandanavian, Ar = Arabic